Should Pakistan be embarrassed for playing role to break Soviet Union?
By Saim Chaudhry on Nov 10, 2016
Should Pakistan be embarrassed for playing role to break Soviet Union? Simple answer to the question should be No. Soviet Union has always acted against the interests of Pakistan. Historically, Russia always backed India against Pakistan in every matter. They were so arrogant that they never thought to act fairly at least for the sake of humanity. Unfortunately, Russia pushed Pakistan to take them as enemy on the time.
Factually speaking it was Russia who played decisive role to break Pakistan in 1971. During the 1971 war, the Soviet Union threatened China that, if they ever opened a front against India on its border, they will receive a tough response from North. Furthermore the blocked US navy and did not allow them to close in on Karachi, Chittagong or Dhaka. United States put forward a resolution in the UN Security Council for a cease-fire and the withdrawal of armed forces by India from Pakistan. Believing India can win the war, Soviet Union vetoed out the resolution, thus letting India break Pakistan. The United States believed that an overwhelming majority of UN members were against the division of Pakistan but Russian vetoes prevented the UN from playing any role in the crisis.
An overwhelming majority of UN members were against the division of Pakistan but Russian vetoes prevented the UN from playing any role in the crisis.
Going further back in the history, in 1955 Khrushchev visited India and travelled to Srinagar. There he told his Indian counterpart that Moscow is just across the border and if there is any trouble in Kashmir, New Delhi should just give a shout. In June 1962 Mosco used famous Veto No. 100 in the United Nations to bail out New Delhi out of tricky situation on Kashmir.
During Indo-Pak War of 1965, Russia openly supported India. Famous Tashkent Declaration was signed in January 1966 when Pakistan had to give up all achievements of his brave soldiers in Kashmir. The Declaration led to removal of Z.A. Bhutto from Ayyub government and also one of the major factors leading to end the Ayyub Khan's regime.
And finally, hostilities existed between Afghanistan and Pakistan since the birth of country in 1947. There were several terrorist attacks on Pakistan from across the border. Terrorist training camps were setup in Afghanistan along the border which once Bhutto tried to clear up. When USSR invaded Afghanistan, Pakistan got not only chance to create his influence Afghanistan but also settle score with Russia.
In conclusion, Pakistan’s involvement in cold war was purely circumstantial. Unfortunately world politics keep changing and you have make policies according to circumstances. Now its time to switch allies, when America is getting more closer to India, Pakistan and Russia have to forget their past and get together to tackle challenges both of the nations facing together.