Federally Administered Tribal Areas

The Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) in Pakistan are tribal areas bordering Afghanistan outside the four provinces. FATA was once part of the battleground, on which the great game of imperial domination was played in the 19th century. For the British colonial administrators of India it served as a safeguard against Russian expansionism in Central Asia.

Soon after Independence, the various tribes in the region entered into an agreement with the Government of Pakistan. The agreement, signed at the time of independence, did not include political autonomy of the tribes. The instruments of agreement, signed in 1948, granted the tribal areas a special administrative status. Mohmand Agency was included in FATA in 1951, and Bajaur and Orakzai in 1973. FATA has always proved to be very difficult, for any government to establish its writ in the tribal areas.

Today FATA is made up of seven administrative units (called agencies), namely Khyber, Kurram, Bajaur, Mohmand, Orakzai, North and South Waziristan and six Frontier Regions (FR Peshawar, FR Kohat, FR Tank, FR Banuu, FR Lakki and FR Dera Ismail Khan).

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